was posted in support and to the rear of the batteries upon Hancock's front. As the enemy drove in the brigade pickets from the Emmitsburg Road, the regiment was rushed to the front line, striking the assailants at the famous stone wall and the "clump of trees." Upon the morning of that eventful day the Fire Zouaves numbered four hundred fifty-eight officers and men. After the fury of the conflict there were but two hundred and sixty-six of the 72nd left for further duty. Soon afterward Colonel Baxter succeeded Gen. Webb in command of the brigade. Lieut. Col. Theodore Hesser now commanded the Fire Zouaves, only to fall, a few months later, at Mine Run. In the campaign of 1864 the regiment fought at the Wilderness, at Spotsylvania, and again with heavy loss, at Cold harbor. At Petersburg the Philadelphia Brigade, all four regiments in line, stormed the Confederate defenses [sic] and held them. This was the 72nd's last battle. A few days later the survivors were sent home and were mustered out.TOTAL LOSSES
Killed /mortally wounded: officers, 12; men 198BATTLES
Died fm disease/other : " 1; " 119
Wounded, not mortal: " 25; " 533
Captured or missing: " 2; " 163
Yorktown, Fair Oaks, Peach Orchard, Savage Station, Glendale, Malvern Hill, Chantilly, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Mine Run, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, North Anna, Totopotomoy, Cold Harbor, Petersburg.
Notes on the Regiment's Origins as the 3rd California Volunteer Infantry
The 72nd Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry was originally raised in Philadelphia by Colonel Edward D. Baker, as an effort to have the state of California represented by regiments in the Union Army. There were four regiments in the California Brigade. The 72nd was originally named the 3rd California Volunteer Infantry Regiment from August 1861 to October 1861. At that time, with the death of the brigade commander, Colonel Baker, the state of Pennsylvania reclaimed the brigade and renumbered the regiments as the 69th, 71st, 72nd and 106th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiments. Since all four regiments were predominantly raised in Philadelphia, they were brigaded together as the Philadelphia Brigade. This was the only brigade, throughout the Civil War, in the Union Army to bear its city's name.
Taken from: Philadelphia in the Civil War, 1861-1865, by Frank H. Taylor, published by the City of Philadelphia in 1913.